UK: chain (ch) ~ US: chain (ch) ~ French: maille enl´air (ml) ~ Spanish: cadeneta (cad) ~ German: Luftmasche (Lftn) ~ Italian: punto catenella
most crochet work begins with a foundation chain, make a slip knot on hook, you will have one loop on hook (do not count this loop as a chain), * YO & draw through this loop (you have made one chain), repeat from * for number of chains required
UK: slip stitch (sl st, ss) ~ US: slip stitch (sl st) ~ French: maille coulee ~ Spanish: punto enano (pe) ~ German: Kettmasche ~ Italian: maglia bassissima
Slip stitch is the shortest crochet stitch used for joining, shaping & taking yarn to another part of motif or work (button hole for example)
UK: double crochet (dc)~ US: single crochet (sc) ~ French: maille serrée ~ Spanish: punto bajo (pb) ~ German: Feste Masche (fM) ~ Italian: maglia bassa (m. bassa)
Foundation Chain: insert hook into 2nd chain from hook, * YO & draw up a loop (2 loops on hook), YO & draw through both loops on hook, insert hook into next chain & repeat from * in each chain across
Subsequent rows: 1 ch, turn, insert hook into first st, * YO & draw up a loop (2 loops on hook), YO & draw through both loops on hook, insert hook into next st & repeat from * in each st across
UK: treble (tr)~ US: double crochet (dc) ~ French: bride (br) ~ Spanish: punto alto doble (pad) ~ German: Stäbchen (Stb) ~ Italian: maglia alta (m. alta)
Foundation Chain: YO & insert hook into 5th chain from hook, * YO & draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), (YO & draw through 2 loops) twice, (you have now made 2 tr) YO & insert hook into next chain & repeat from * in each chain across
Subsequent rows: 3 ch (beginning ch, these 3 ch count as your first treble), turn, YO & insert hook into next st, * YO & draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), (YO & draw through 2 loops) twice, YO & insert hook into next st & repeat from * in each st across including beginning ch
UK: half treble (htr)~ US: half double crochet (hdc) ~ French: demi-bride (demi-br) ~ Spanish: punto alto (pa) ~ German: Halbe Stäbchen (h.Stb) ~ Italian: mezza maglia alta
Foundation Chain: YO & insert hook into 3rd chain from hook, * YO & draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), YO & draw through all 3 loops, YO & insert hook into next chain & repeat from * in each chain across
Subsequent rows: 2 ch (Beginning ch, these 2 ch count as your first half treble), turn, YO & insert hook into next st, * YO & draw up a loop (3 loops on hook), YO & draw through all 3 loops, YO & insert hook into next st & repeat from * in each st across including beginning ch,
UK: double treble (dtr)~ US: triple crochet (trc) ~ French: double bride (d-br) ~ Spanish: punto alto triple (pat) ~ German: Doppel-stäbchen(D-Stb) ~ Italian: maglia altissima
Foundation Chain: YO & insert hook into 6th chain from hook, * YO twice & draw up a loop (4 loops on hook), (YO & draw through 2 loops) 3 times, YO twice & insert hook into next chain & repeat from * in each chain across
Subsequent rows: 4 ch (these 4 ch count as your first treble), turn, YO twice & insert hook into next st, * YO & draw up a loop (4 loops on hook), (YO & draw through 2 loops) 3 times, YO twice & insert hook into next st & repeat from * in each st across including beginning ch
UK: cluster (CL)~ US: cluster (CL)~ French: grappe ~ Spanish: punto altos cerrados en / el mismo punto ~ German: Büschelasche ~ Italian: maglia raggruppata
Clusters are groups of unfinished stitches where the last loop of each unfinished stitch is left on the hook & then drawn together.
Clusters can be worked over number of stitches (also used as a decrease) or in a specific st or sp (also known as Bobbles) & can be made with htr, tr or dtr & other high posted stitches
(YO, insert hook in stitch or space as indicated by pattern & draw up a loop, YO & draw through 2 loops on hook) as many times as indicated by pattern, YO & draw through all loops on hook.
UK: popcorn (PC)~ US: popcorn (PC)~ French: popcorn ~ Spanish: puntos altos cerrados juntas / con una cadeneta ~ German: popcorn–Masche ~ Italian: nocciolina
popcorns can also be made using htr, dtr & other high posted stitches
Work 5 tr in st or sp as indicated by pattern, drop loop from hook, insert hook in first st of group, pick up dropped loop & draw through, 1ch to close
UK: puff stitch (puff st)~ US: puff stitch (puff st)
(YO, insert hook in st or space as indicated by pattern, YO and pull up a loop even with hook) 3 or 4 times as indicated by pattern, YO and draw through all 7 or 9 loops on hook, 1 ch to close
UK: front post (FP) ~ US: front post (FP) ~ French: double bride en relief avant ~ Spanish: punto alto triple en relieve por / delante de la labor ~ German: reliefstäbchen von vorn – vorderes Maschenglied ~ Italian in costa davanti
Front post stitches are made by working around the post (stem) of a stitch & creates a relief effect
Front Post treble: YO, insert hook from front around stitch as indicated by pattern & draw up a loop, (YO & draw through 2 loops) twice
UK: back post (BP) ~ US: back post (BP) ~ French: double bride en relief arriére ~ Spanish: punto alto triple en relieve por / detras de la labor ~ German: reliefstäbchen von hinten – hinteres Maschenglied ~ Italian: in costa dietro
Back post stitches are made by working around the post (stem) of a stitch & creates an indented effect
Back Post treble: YO, insert hook from back around stitch as indicated by pattern & draw up a loop, (YO & draw through 2 loops) twice
UK: picot ~ US: picot ~ French: picot (pi)~ Spanish: piquito ~ German: Pikot (pi) ~ Italian: pippiolino
Picots are a number of chains secured by a slip stitch or double crochet to form a small ring – most often used in edging but can be used in conjunction with other stitches & especially useful in crochet lace work
The number of chain can vary according to the pattern instructions
3 chain Picot: make 3 ch, ss into 3rd ch from hook
UK: shell / fan~ US: shell / fan
Shell & fans are groups of complete stitches that are worked in a stitch or space as indicted by the pattern & can be made using htr, tr, dtr & other high posted stitches
65 thoughts on “Stitch Overview”
You’re welcome, Giuseppina… Glad it’s been helpful 🙂
Grazie per queste spiegazioni ….sono riuscita a tradurle e stamparle, mi saranno molto utili!
Thank you so much this as helped me so much glad i have joined this group
You’re welcome, Linda… enjoy! 🙂
Thankyou so much this is a lifesaver !!!
Thank you Audrey, it’s always lovely to receive feedback about the posts being helpful 🙂
This is fantastic I have so many patterns I’ve sent for that have some stitches I didn’t understand and I’ve just had to give up on with US terms it’s unbelievable. I NOW NEED LOTS OF YARN THANK-YOU PRESH.XXX.
You’re most welcome, Mary Ann… so glad it’s been helpful, enjoy! 🙂
I’m fairly new to crochet and can’t remember all the stitches correctly. This is the BEST site I have found! All the explications are clear and the pictures are spot on!!!!!!
THANK YOU from Missouri
Thanks, Angela… I don’t have it as a pdf but you should be able to copy & paste… 🙂
This is awesome. I was wondering if you have a printable version of this chart I can share with my members? I work for a psychosocial rehab program and we have a little crochet club. They would like this chart to help learn stitches.
Sorry, Cori, I can’t help you with this but you could try ‘Crocheters Anonymous Pattern Translations’ on Facebook… they seem very helpful
here’s the link https://www.facebook.com/groups/crochetersanonymoustranslations/?fref=nf
also, check out Ravelry forums… there’s a wealth of knowledge there… 🙂
Hello. Trying a new pattern in italian. Can someone tell me what AU means, MB means and giro. Please:) tia
Charlotte… I’m afraid, I don’t know… if this is from one of my patterns it would be a typo… at a guess, it could mean ‘repeat’… perhaps contact the pattern writer… you could also check in Ravelry or post your question in one of their forums… Sorry I couldn’t be more help 🙂
What does PE mean.
On a crochet row there is: 10 sc, 4 inc, 11 sc, 1 inc, 1 sc, PE
Thanks for the answer.
Carol.. YO = yarn over (yarn over hook)…:)
What does YO stand for?
Ann-Mari… YO = yarn over hook… 🙂
I just want to know what YO means? I found your site today and am very impressed. So much information and fantasic explanations!
Thanks, Linda…. enjoy 🙂
Thank you. Love seeing made so clear.
That’s great Cindy… new challenges are always interesting… 🙂
Thank you! I have been crocheting for years, but now am branching out and trying more difficult patterns.
Trying to figure out how to save this information on my phone.
Thank you, Damla… I’m very happy it’s been helpful 🙂
One of the best explanations I’ve come across on the net. Thank you very much 🙂
Fabulous, Ann… enjoy! 🙂
So clear – and I can follow the differences between UK and US which has always confused me.
Thank you, Saundra… enjoy 🙂
just read my first e-mail and I’m so delighted to have found you. Your instructions and drawings are so easy to follow and inspiring. Thank you !!!!!!!!!
You’re welcome, Sara… enjoy!
so useful to have Italian translation! That’s what I was looking for! thank you!
You’re very welcome 🙂
Thank you so much for this. It’s a wonderful resource.
That’s great, Cheree… you’re most welcome… enjoy the quality time with your daughter….:)
GOD BLESS YOU!! Lol I have been struggling teaching my 10 yr old daughter to crochet she is very impatient but your illustrations are so clear and easy to follow we are both enjoying and following along!! Thanks a million :))
Thanks Marlena, I’ll work on getting Russian translations…
Hi. I notice you don’t have any russian translations there. I have recently fount their freeform magazines–Mod, and Duplet. Fab books for ideas. Have just finished my first coat. Very pleasing to the soul. Marlena.
That’s fine, Linda… glad it helps 🙂
Thanks, I have copied these so I can help some people where I live pick up the basics
Hello! I love your images so much I am using them (and citing them of course) in a leaflet that I am producing for a Christmas crochet class I am running!
Many thanks Daniela, I have added your German front & back post suggestions on the stitch overview page. This will indeed make it easier for German readers to understand 🙂
sorry, my english is not so good.
Front Post treble: in german: “reliefstäbchen von vorn” and
Back Post treble: in german: “reliefstäbchen von hinten”
maybe you can change this…? then it is better understandable for all german readers 🙂
best regards and liebe ostergrüsse aus leipzig
That’s great & thank you!! enjoy 🙂
Love this site: very comprehensive. Gave me the information I was looking for all morning:-)
I found out that “mL” means magic loop and that is usually at the beginning – to make a loop. I will assume that there is a typo in the instructions. Thanks for trying.
Sorry, I haven’t got a clue… maybe ‘ml’ stands for ‘middle…. perhaps someone can chime in here & help…:(
“Sl st to 2nd st of next loop, ch 4, cluster st in same space, * ch 5, skip next st, cluster st in next st, “ch 9, 2 cluster sts with ch 5 between in next trc, ch 9, skip next loop, cluster st in 2ml st of next loop,”
I don’t know what is meant by 2ml st of next loop. Can you please clarify. Above is the doily instructions.
Thank you for your kind words…. I’m very happy that you find it helpful
Gracias, thank you very much. You are very helpfull and your crochet tutorials are the best that I found. Sorry my english and thank you very much again, your an Artist.
you’re very welcome… that makes me happy too..
Thank you so much for sharing this terminology! It’s very helpful. Recently I get used to read patterns in English and now am trying to read one in Italian. It looked like a cryptography… But thanks for your site, now I can read a little by little. Brava!!
Merci beaucoup pour votre terminologie! Very, very helpfull
Oh dear, that must be frustrating… do you count your stitches at the end of each row? have you perhaps missed a stitch along the way? when working in dc (US sc) are you going into the very first stitch? when working in tr (US dc) are you going into the 3-ch beginning ch at the end of the row? (remember that the 3-ch beginning chain is always counted as a stitch)
have a look in ‘Tips & tricks…. do you know….’ there’s some info about where to work your first & last stitches which may help to clarify
hopefully this has been some help to you…
you’re a master of the art- i am trying to make simple squares with just single stitches. for some reason they ALWAYS end up a triangle instead of a square- i’m even adding ONE at the end of each row. I’m baffled and would KEEEEL for help.
Love love love from germany -from someone who has been trying to read different patterns in different languages painfully and now finally has the translations.
Thank you SO much – also for the rest of you site – I am into freeform crochet, too, but until now I didn’t know it (I thought I was combining weird invented patterns and colours because i am too easily bored by the repetition and I lack discipline, but seeing your wonderful gallery I realize I always did it on purpose beacause I love the powerful, grown-looking results. )
hehehe!!! have fun!
Riiiiight. I just discovered about 10 000 new stitches that I didn’t know about. Hmmm. I’ve got some work to do!