The Humble Granny Square

The following instructions are for the easiest & most consistent One colour Granny Square that I know &, although there are many variations, this is the one I use because I know my squares will be square & the corners open & even &, no matter how many rounds are I work, the square stays flat without ruffling or pulling in…..

The instructions are in written form & I have also included stitch drawings & stitch diagrams (for those of you who would like to learn how to read pattern graphs)…..

For your first attempts I recommend working in a light coloured 8 ply (US worsted) yarn & using the hook size you are comfortable with –  4.50 (US 6/G) or 5.00 (US 8/H)

Download the pattern here

Stitch Diagram Symbols

One Colour Granny Square:

Foundation Ring:

begin by making 5 chains (ch), join with a slip stitch (ss) to the 5th ch from hook to form a ring,

Round 1:

1) make 3 ch ((beginning ch) count this 3 ch as your first tr (US dc) of this round & throughout the entire pattern) & for this round you will be working into the ring

2) into ring work (2 tr (US dc), 3 ch) once,

3) then, continue working into ring, make (3 tr (US dc), 3 ch) three times,

4) join with ss into top of beginning ch (3rd ch of beginnging ch) – this join completes the first shell of round.

you should have – 4 shells = 12 tr (US dc) & 4 x 3-ch spaces (sps)


Round 2:

1) make 4 ch ((beginning ch) count this 4 ch as your first tr (US dc) plus 1 ch of this round & throughout the entire pattern)

2) then * in the next 3-ch sp work (3 tr (US dc), 3 ch, 3 tr(US dc), 1 ch), repeat from * around to last 3-ch sp,

3) in last 3-ch sp work (3tr (US dc), 3 ch, 2 tr (US dc))

4) join with ss to 3rd ch of beginning ch – this join completes the last shell of round

you should have – 8 shells = 24 tr (US dc) – 4 x 3-ch sps – 4 x 1-ch sps


Round 3:

1) make 3 ch, then into same sp work (2 tr (US dc), 1 ch), you have made the first shell of this round

2) in next corner sp work * (3 tr, 3 ch, 3 tr, 1 ch),

3) in next 1-ch sp work (3 tr, 1 ch),

4) now, repeat from * around to beginning ch, join with ss to top of beginning ch (3rd ch of beginnging ch) – this join completes the first shell of round

you should have 12 shells = 36 tr (US dc) – 4 x 3-ch sps -8 x 1-ch sps


Round 4:

1) make 4 ch

2) in the next 1-ch sp work (3 tr (US dc), 1 ch),

3) * in the next 3-ch sp work (3 tr (US dc), 3 ch, 3 tr (US dc), 1 ch),

4) then in each next 1-ch sp work (3 tr (US dc), 1 ch), repeat from * around to last 1-ch sp,

5) in last 1-ch sp work (2 tr (US dc))

6) join with ss to 3rd ch of beginning ch – this join completes the last shell of round

you should have – 16 shells = 48 tr(US dc) – 4 x 3-ch sps – 12 x 1-ch sps

Rounds 3 & 4 are the repeat rounds, but you can finish off on any round or just keep going to any desired size


Adding colours to your Granny Square:

The following drawings shows colour changes on every round… however, how many rounds per colour you work is entirely up to you – experiment with these colour changes & amaze yourself with the creativity you may never have thought you had….

Basically you follow the above instructions except that you finish off each colour round before starting a new colour round


1) Bring in your new colour in any 3-ch sp with a slip stitch & make 3 ch ((beginning ch) count this 3 ch as your first tr (US dc) of this round & throughout the pattern), in the same space work (2tr (US dc), 3 ch, 3 tr (US dc)),

Tip: leave generous tail ends & wherever possible work over tail ends as you work

2) then, depending on the round, work as for one colour Gr/square instructions


Edging your Granny Square: is entirely optional but personally, I prefer to work 2 rounds of dc (US sc) around each square mainly because the squares look more finished & they are so much easier to join into projects later – the main thing to remember when edging your square is to work your dc (US sc) stitch for stitch across to corner stitches & you must work 3 dc (US sc) in each corner stitch.

There are many variations, but the following the 2 methods  are the ones I use most often for edging Granny Squares:

Example No 1. Round 1:

1a) after finishing your last round with a slip stitch do not finish off but continue with this last colour in use (working colour) & make 1 ch, & dc (US sc) in same stitch,

1b) now * work dc (US sc) in each 1-ch space & in each stitch across to next 3-ch space, work 3 dc (US sc) in 3-ch space, then repeat from * around & join with a slip stitch to the first dc (US sc) but do not finish off

Tip: I like to place a marker in the middle stitch of the 3 corner stitches for easy identification on the next round & I leave these markers in so that when it comes to joining my squares later I only have to match them corner marker to corner marker


Example No 1. Round 2:

1c) make 1 ch, & dc (US sc) in same stitch,

1d) now * work dc (US sc) in each stitch across to next middle corner stitch, work 3 dc (US sc) in middle corner stitch, then repeat from * around & join with a slip stitch to the first dc (US sc) & finish off


Example No 2. Round 1:

2a) finish off your last colour of square & bring in your new colour with a dc (US sc) in any corner 3-ch space, work 2 dc in same space (this makes your first 3-corner stitches)

Tip: joining with a dc (US sc) – start with the slip knot on hook, insert hook into space indicated by pattern & draw up a loop (2 loops on hook), YO & draw through both loops on hook (this counts as the first dc (US sc)) then continue as pattern instruction

2b) now * work dc (US sc) in each stitch & in each 1-ch space across to next 3-ch space, work 3 dc (US sc) in 3-ch space, then repeat from * around & join with a slip stitch to the first dc (US sc) but do not finish off

Tip: I like to place a marker in the middle stitch of the 3 corner stitches for easy identification on the next round & I leave these markers in so that when it comes to joining my squares later I only have to match them corner marker to corner marker


Example No 2. Round 2:

2c) make 1 ch, & dc (US sc) in same stitch,

2d) now * work dc (US sc) in each stitch across to next middle corner stitch, work 3 dc (US sc) in middle corner stitch, then repeat from * around & join with a slip stitch to the first dc (US sc) & finish off


Congratulations! you have completed your Granny Square…  once you have made a few more you will need to join them & make what ever your heart desires – you will find a number of different ways of joining your squares on the Joining New Yarn, Fabric, Squares & Motifs page – enjoy!

224 thoughts on “The Humble Granny Square”

  1. I have been making granny squares for years and only knew one way to make them and my projects always seemed tilted and never laid truly flat. Your instructions are super easy to follow and I can already see an amazing difference on just my fourth round. Thank you!

  2. OMG for weeks I have been trying to do a granny square. This is the only post that I have been able to follow. So easy thank you so very very much.

  3. I’m glad the granny square tutorial has been helpful, Alechia… I don’t have any plans to make more tutorials for more squares… there are just too many… but may I suggest you join one of the many excellent crochet groups on the net where you can ask for help with any problems you have… is a good one to start with… all the best 🙂

  4. Can you please do other granny square like The Humble Granny Square? I have try and try, over and over. But mine never end up right. I am learning to crochet which I wanted to do a granny square. I like how you go step by step in picture which help me understand it better,and see it better then using yarn to show instructions granny square or a chart. Thanks

  5. Sorry, Nik Kr, no tutorial for hexagonal but maybe sometime in the future, thank you so much for your lovely compliments, so glad it’s been helpful 🙂

  6. Thanks a ton for this post.. The diagrams are really helpful for a beginner like Me.. I wonder if you could also post a similar tutorial for solid hexagon..

  7. Hey, Thanks a ton for this post..
    I am an absolute beginner to crochet..
    After 999,999 attempts, I was finally about to give up on crochet..
    And then I found this tutorial..
    The pictorial diagram showing exactly where to enter the hook while doing a slip stitch helped the most.. That’s what I kept doing wrong before..
    You did a commendable job there taking time to attach diagrams of such stitches as well..
    I wonder if you have a similar tutorial for a solid hexagon..
    Thanks again..

  8. this is the easiest pattern ive seen.ive been doing them for years and never this way.ive neve been happy with mine till now

  9. Thank you for the step to step instructions, along with illustrations. I will enjoy trying this out.

  10. Just the best tutorial ever! THANK YOU! Now even I can make a granny Square 😉
    /Karin in Sweden

  11. Question on the crochet stitches. The ones that show the actual crochet stitch with the hook, etc. not the diagram ones. How are the crochet stitch visual made? Is there a computer program? I have spent hours searching. Beautiful instructions.

  12. Can you do this with double crochet stitches? Have found beautiful blended colors ( lion brand. But going crazy with their “happy colors baby afghan” pattern. I need help…😟 Not a beginner but not goid intermediate skill level..thank you. Wanted a little tighter look. Dorothy

  13. I’ve wanted to crochet for so long I followed your instructions and I’m actually doing it thank you so much I’m thrilled

  14. This was an awesome tutorial. I’ve been crocheting for 50 years and never knew this method for a solid granny square! Thank you so much!

  15. After years of trying to crochet granny squares as a left hander with no success your instructions and diagrams worked brilliantly. Still have a slight issue with holding my wool but will keep trying. Excellent. Thanks.

  16. I have tried to do basic grannies so many times and I kept misunderstanding the pattern. This is the first time I did it successfully!! Thank you so much!!

  17. Love Love Love your step by step with pics instructions. Thank you.

  18. That’s great, Norma… you have to work the 4ch start every other round… 3ch start when the 3ch is the first st of the last shell of round… 4ch start when 3ch are the last st of last shell plus the 1ch for the space over the shell of previous round…

  19. My Granny Square is looking great, thanks to your instructions! I am continuing to make more Rounds for practice. Is there any other time I would start with 4 chains, as in Round 4, or do I always start a Round with 3 chains?

  20. Norma, the 4ch counts as tr (US:dc), plus 1ch… the tr (US:dc) will be the last st of the last shell & the 1ch is the space over the next shell of the previous round… hope that explains it better…

  21. Thanks for your easy to follow instructions! But what is the reason for starting Round 4 with 4 chain, rather than 3 chain, like in Round 1, 2, & 3?

  22. Merci infiniment pour ces explications, les plus complètes et les mieux expliquées, bravo à vous pour ce partage

  23. Great
    I pushed the wrong button below. It should have been thumbs up . this is the easiest pattern to follow. Thanks so much

  24. Oh, thank you, Amy… glad it’s been of help… the Granny Sq is the only one set out exactly like this but I do have other patterns – see under Patterns in site menu – 🙂

  25. This is the most fabulous instruction I’ve ever seen, very clear and concise with detailed images. Brilliantly done, are there any others like it for other patterns/stitches?

  26. Do you have a printable version of this post? I didn’t see a button on the page to format it for printing, like some sites do.

  27. Thank you so much for the tutorial and the beautiful drawings that are so explicit. I have a throw that my aunt (who passed away many years ago) made for my family which is exactly this pattern. It is a bit unraveled in three places and has been in a closet for many years. My daughter saw it recently and admired it. I have not crocheted since childhood but now I feel I have the tools to try to repair it.

  28. Thank you so much for this tutorial, I crocheted the square as I was reading, was so easy!

  29. Hi Renate, thanks for the excellent visual and written instructions, this has cleared up a few issues for me. I learnt from from Nana about 45 years ago to do it this way but only crocheted for a few years before going to knitting and sewing, have hustled tried my hand at crochet again, but had forgotten how to make the square! Could do wonderful circles that I used as beanies and made small flowers with☺️
    With kindness regards Liz

  30. Thank you very much! This post is very helpful for me as I’m very new in crocheting! This would be my first project! Really appreciate your effort on making this post! It is very clear!

  31. That’s OK, Terri… I just think the square looks better without the slip stitching across the join…But what ever works best for you is fine … 🙂

  32. I found it easier to slip stitch to the first corner and begin my chain three dc for the start of the row.

  33. Thanks, Jennifer…

    apart from weaving in tail ends as you go… I’m afraid there is no real short cut, you just have to weave them into your work one by one. I suggest not cutting you ends off too short so you can weave them back & forth (like a z) & try to work colour to colour 🙂

  34. This is a great tutorial! I wish I had found this when I learned granny squares. I am still new to crocheting but when I learned the square what I was working from didn’t mention working in the tail. Now I have a bunch of tails in my squares because I used at least 3 different colors 🙁 Does anyone have any suggestions of what I can do with these tails?

  35. Bianca… I’m not sure you can, but you could make more squares in different colours to add to your blanket, or edge each square with different colours before joining them together, or crochet some small flowers that can be stitched to the centre of each square… hope that helps 🙂

  36. I made a baby blanket size granny square in dusty rose. I didn’t have any other yarn at the time so I just went with a solid square. My question is, how would you recommend adding another color as an accent color to the finished square? Not just a border but throughout the square?

  37. I just have a random question, I did one square, and the corners kind of fold up and the whole thing in general just isn’t laying flat. Is it possible that I’m pulling my stitches too tight? Or is there something else that I need to do to have my square lay flat?

  38. i have tried many times over the years to learn to crochet my mum, books, dvd’s all failed me, found this by accident looking for a knitting stitch page and thought why not…. 2 squares in 3 hours i am unstoppable now the clearest diagrams and instructions ever you win where many have failed can’t thank you enough

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  40. This is the best granny square tutorial I have found. None of the 3 slip stitches to the corners that make granny squares look bad. Your pictures are clear and easy to follow. The instructions and pictures are very clear so even beginners should be able to crochet a granny square.

  41. Thanks, Kittymorgan… yes, that’s fine to download for your students… I’m glad it’s so helpful & I wish all the best with your class .. 🙂

  42. Hi there! This is the best granny square tutorial. Diagrams, illustrations and instructions are all perfect. Thank you so much for sharing. I have been (trying to) teaching a group of primary sevens at our local school and wondered if it would be okay printing off your instructions please? Big thanks for all your amazing work x

  43. Renate,
    Thank you for prompt replay about your technique of drawing. Your hands and hard work deserved a monument! Thank you!

  44. Absolutely fantastic diagrams and very clear and logical instructions. Thanks a lot for sharing!
    What kind of graphical program did you use to make you great diagrams? They really look excellent and very helpful. Thanks!!!!

  45. This is a super great tutorial. – I went to a class and had my girlfriend try to teach me and was beginning to think I was a lost cause to crochet….but then I found your site and guess what…I made a square !!! Thankyou Thankyou Thankyou.

  46. I love the depth of this pattern and its instructions. Was very easy for me to catch on and learn. I did an afghan out of this pattern by keep goung around and around until it was big enough. Turned out really well! Thank you so much and I hope you have more patterns like this. Im a slow learner and this was super easy to learn. THANK YOU AND GOD BLESS!!!

  47. Thank you… yes, I drew the diagrams. I’ve also been teaching for years & needed easy directions for students… I’m pleased they are so helpful for so many 🙂

  48. I have been teaching crochet for quite a few years now…just stumbled across your tutorial on granny squares. This is the clearest visual I have come across in my search . I will be giving all students a link to this if they are after a clear and easy to follow visual guide. Thank you so much! I am curious…did you draw all the diagrams yourself? They show everything so clearly 🙂

  49. Just wanted to say thank you. I just picked up crochet and I followed your pattern and it came out perfect. Thank you.

  50. Thank you so much for your wonderful tutorial. I am confident that I will be able to master the granny square using your clear, helpful directions.

  51. This tutorial is awesome. I really appreciate your using the US stitches as well, as I didn’t realize they were different. Thanks a bunch, I finally found a way to use up a bunch of random yarn bits. 😀

  52. THANK YOU VERY VERY MUCH! I haven’t crocheted in years and decided to pick it back up. Never made granny squares, and this was by far the best set of instructions I’ve found. The diagrams were key to my understanding of where to put my stitches. Again, your work in writing this is much appreciated.

  53. This was a great tutorial! The instructions were easy to follow, and the sketches and diagrams just reinforced the information and made me feel confident I was doing things right. I’m so excited to have finished my first “project”, and I can’t wait to make more squares. Thank you so much!

  54. Yes, Tess, you can do your colour change that way… but why not finish off the round in the middle & start your new colour in the corner as I suggest.. it will be neater

    However if you do want to change colour in the middle.. use this colour change method:
    ‘bring in your new colour when you have 2 loops of the working stitch on the hook’… this method applies to any stitch

    you can check it out here [5. (a) & (b)]

    hope this helps 🙂

  55. Hi! This is the method I started off using, before getting confused by all the different tutorials on Youtube, so I’m glad to find this page. I am making a blanket, with a big block of one colour in the middle, but now I want to change. The trouble is that in your changing-colour diagrams, you change at the corner, however as I have been starting each new round in the middle of the row (as with your one-colour diagrams), I’m not sure what to do. Is it ok for me to start the new colour there and continue that seam up through the middle of the work?
    hopefully this questions makes sense…

  56. THANK YOU! Finally did a basic granny square, thanks to your concise instructions and diagrams! I am teaching myself, and have been anxious to start a project. (And eventually will become the replacement for smoking…) My grandma taught me when I was very young, but I never practiced, and of course, never retained anything she taught me unfortunately. I wish I would have tho, the woman could crochet anything. Everyone had a blanket, beanie and slippers, as well as an array of Christmas decorations. She also did a lot of charity work for local schools. I hope to get as good as her someday. Anyway, thank you for sharing your crochet knowledge in a format I could easily follow and understand :-)! Cheers!

  57. Great tutorial! My grandmother started teaching me to crochet when I was eight. Unfortunately, I never much progressed past the basics. She’s gone now, and my patience has increased (it only took 25 years 😉). Thank you for the step by step walk through.

  58. I know, this post has been out for a while but I just got into doing GS and I love it 🙂 Your tutorial is AWESOME – so much details and the illustrations are really helpful! Thank you so so so much!!!

  59. Thank You for such a easy to understand tuturiol. This has been extremely helpful to me. Seeing the sketchings and the actual finished products has really helped me. Thanks Again. Lisa.

  60. this is just perfect! I want to try crochet for the first time so I needed something very clear and simple and that’s just what your tutorial is. thank you so much. I cant wait to get started!

  61. Very helpful I was waiting for somting like this, to start something, thanks so much

  62. Many thanks for this humble granny square clear pattern. I wanted to find a pattern that does not finish with a colour after each row. This is so much easier to follow than any I have seen, will try one tomorrow.

  63. Hi Philippa… sorry, I don’t have a tutorial for beanies… the only thing I can suggest is that you work without joining each round & just keep going round & round, place a marker in the first stitch of each round to keep track of where you’re up to… hope that helps somewhat 🙂

  64. Hi Renate ,this is a great tutorial,thanks so much for sharing:)
    Can i ask is there one this good for making beanies ?
    I love to make beanies 🙂 but really struggle to keep the joining seam straight ,i dont like the way it go off the center line , i have watched many tutorials on line but in one way or another they dont show were to put the hook after i have finished increasing ,really hoping you have a tutorial like the granny square you could share , kind regards from Philippa

  65. Thank you so much for taking the time to do this tutorial. It has been so very helpful 🙂

  66. Well explained! I’m ready to start a scarf for my daughter using Granny squares. Thanks for sharing.

  67. Thank you Thank you Thank you!!! This was probably the 15th tutorial that I’ve tried to use and I finally got it! All the other ones where just way too confusing for me. I’m left handed so trying to watch someone else do it on a youtube video just confused me more…your steps and illustrations are PERFECT!!

  68. This has been the best tutorial I have found! I know it sounds silly, but I was really struggling with how to make them, but your illustrations really worked for me. Thank you so much!

  69. Thanks a stack. It was so incredible to find these beautifully clear instructions as a beginner. Even the library book aren’t as clear! It has inspired me to crochet a blanket.

  70. Thank you for posting this version of a granny square. Others used the slipstitch to get the the opening in the 2nd round. I knew I never did that. Now that I see that I’m not crazy I can show others this version.

  71. I was always told to flip when you start a new row making a granny square.

  72. As somebody said on pinterest – “finally something clean and clear” – very well done – I am sure this could help a lot of beginners!
    Great job 🙂

  73. Love the chart! I, like others, would never complete anything with granny squares because I couldn’t make the squares even. That second round always got me! You’d never guess how I tried using slip stitches to make it work. Thanks a million for your help!

  74. Hi Pat, that must be so frustrating… I’m not entirely sure why this is happening but here are some ideas…
    ~ are you always finishing off each round with a slip st & then making 3 or 4 ch (depending on which round you’re on) before continuing with the new round
    ~ are you working from a corner (each round a different col for example), if so… bring your new col in with a slip st, then work, 3 ch (count as 1st tr (US dc), 2 tr (US dc), 3 ch, 3 tr (US dc) all in the same corner space, this = 2 shells separated by 3 ch (corner made)

    “I do sl st at end of each row to corner and then ch 3 to start another corner.” I’m not sure what you mean here

    are you actually sl st in each st to each corner, regardless of where you’ve finished off?

    I hope this has been somewhat helpful… it’s hard to know when I can’t see it & it’s probably something very simple…. don’t get too frustrated I always suggest putting your work down for a while.. sometime when you come back with a fresh eye it all falls into place

  75. Thank you for your tutorial on a granny square. My problem is my square will not keep straight after about 6 rows and the centre has moved and is no longer in the middle. I do sl st at end of each row to corner and then ch 3 to start another corner. how can I avoid this. It happens every time I undoe my work and try again. My square is never square. thankyou Pat

  76. Thanks for sharing this – I’ve been slip stitching across and hated the way it looks but this way is so much better and easier 🙂

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  78. After 2 years of trying to master the granny square, with countless videos and websites – you have helped me so much! The instructions were perfect and now I can finally make them! I’ve even been able to teach other people by showing them your blog!

    Thankyou so much! 😀

  79. Yeah, I did it! I’ve tried several instructions/patterns none as concise as yours, and I am so pleased with how nice the granny square turned out. Thank you very much!!!

  80. Hi Audrey, I’m glad you found the instructions helpful, without seeing your project I can only guess that you are working your rounds continuously & not finishing each round with a slip stitch before making a beginning chain for the next round… if this is the case then your work will not remain square & will go more out of square with each round – I can only suggest that you pull back to where the mistake started & place in a marker in the beginning chain to remind you where to join the round before starting the next… hope that helps

  81. Thanks so much for the easy directions, they are very helpful. I decided to make a giant granny square afghan and I have continued the pattern. Im on my 9th round, and its coming along nicely, however I just realized I am no longer joining rounds with a ss. I think it has been for the last 2-3 rounds. Its working and getting larger, but did I mess something up? Or is this just how it works out? Thanks!

  82. I have been trying to learn how to make a granny square for over a year, and no tutorial worked for me! I can usually catch on so easily! This tutorial helped me to make my very first one!! THANK YOU!

  83. Wow! Thank you for this tutorial – it’s excellent! I love that you teach not only the pattern, but also the chart. I haven’t even tried a granny square in probably 20 yrs, because never being able to get one right got too frustrating. No more! As soon as I find my hooks, it’s time to use up a boatload of yarn. Christmas throws all around!

  84. So glad the instructions are helpful – as for the solid granny square, I not sure which one you mean – sorry can’t help you with that one

  85. These instructions are fantastic. I made my first granny square today. Do you have similar instructions for the “solid” granny square that just has the “holes” up the corners? I would like to make them the same size as this type here and alternate them in a blanket.

  86. merci beaucoup! Enfin j’ai reussis du premier coup avec des explications aussi simple que vous donnez. J’ai du plaisir a faire des granny!!!Merci encore

  87. I have to say this is the very clearest and best tutorial I have seen for the humble granny square. Thank you so much.
    Blessings Gail

  88. Thank you Ren – been wanting to remember how to do this, and you make it easy! Funny, a friend here in Istanbul posted it on Pinterest, which is how I saw it. Small world…

  89. Thank you so very much for this tutorial!!! Now I understand, how I have to chrochet the beautiful Granny Square.

    Many greetings to you,


  90. Super helpful! Thank you so much for posting this.
    Because of you I actually made my first Granny Square last night, and it looks nice even!
    Thank you again! You are brilliant!

  91. Hey Ren, this is awesome!

    Would you mind if I linked to this post from my blog and took a few pictures to put in the post – to encourage people who want to learn to come over here and have a look?

    Jess 🙂

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